Water and wastewater services were disrupted throughout the city, with authorities urging residents to conserve water and collect rainwater. [258][262] Those with relatively high exposure to earthquake damage show an increase in positive effects, including an increase in personal strength, growth in social relationships, the bringing of families closer, and realizing what's important in life. [220][221], Christchurch was set to host five pool matches and two quarter finals of the 2011 Rugby World Cup. It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. Christchurch's Catholic cathedral damaged after the earthquake, in 2011. [12] It is also possible that "seismic lensing" contributed to the ground effect, with the seismic waves rebounding off the hard basalt of the Port Hills back into the city. [189] All Black Sonny Bill Williams and Sky Television both made large donations from Williams' fourth boxing bout which was dubbed "The Clash For Canterbury". The review’s terms of referencewas noted by Cabinet in November 2011[CAB Min (11) 41/9]. [47] The TranzAlpine was cancelled until 4 March, to allow for personnel resources to be transferred to repairing track and related infrastructure, and moving essential freight into Christchurch, while the TranzCoastal has been cancelled until mid-August. The department responded to the situation by activating their crisis plan, forming 20 trauma teams. Prime Minister John Key confirmed that, "All Civil Defence procedures have now been activated; the Civil Defence bunker at parliament is in operation here in Wellington." [152] The Royal Australian Air Force also assisted with air lifts. Three RNZAF Bell UH-1H Iroquois helicopters were also used to transport Police, VIP's and aid to locations around Christchurch. [153], The army also operated desalination plants to provide water to the eastern suburbs. The earthquake occurred on New Zealand’s South Island, 10km west of Christchurch, at 12.51pm on 22nd February 2011 and lasted just 10 seconds. [182], Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, issued a statement on behalf of the UN expressing his "deep sadness" and stressed the "readiness of the United Nations to contribute to its efforts in any way needed". [173], Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard offered Australia's assistance. [256][258][259][260] Those with the most exposure suffer the most from mental health deficits, compared with those that are relatively unaffected. The only regional acute hospital was compromised but was able to continue to provide care, supported by other hospitals and primary care facilities in the city. [138][139] [256] Because large number of citizens are being displaced, it is difficult to find a representative sample population. Christchurch Police were supplemented by staff and resources from around the country, along with a 323-strong contingent of Australian Police, who were sworn in as New Zealand Police on their arrival, bringing the total number of officers in the city to 1200. [99], In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. Sydenham Heritage Church and the Beckenham Baptist Church were heavily damaged, and then demolished days after the earthquake. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. Due to the extensive damage of a number of secondary schools, many were forced to share with others, allowing one school to use the ground in the morning and the other in the afternoon. [229] The team's round three match against the Northern Mystics in Auckland was postponed,[229] while their round four home match against the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic was moved to the Energy Events Centre in Rotorua. From 25 February, he and the National Controller spoke at every press conference. A composite "Christchurch Response Centre" was established in the Christchurch Art Gallery, a modern earthquake-resilient building in the centre of the city which had sustained only minor damage. [147] Over 1400 Army, Navy and Air Force personnel were involved,[148] and Territorials (Army Reserve) were called up. The lack of management in the 2011 quake has created dangerous damage across New Zealand. At 1251 h on Feb 22, 2011, an earthquake struck Christchurch, New Zealand, causing widespread destruction. Photograph: David Wethey/EPA These were the seeds of what Smith hoped would become more of a … A state of national emergency was declared. However, authority control was not in place until quite some time after the earthquake and Christchurch didn’t fully reopen until over 2 years after the initial earthquake. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake[66] due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. Refrences. The disaster management plans that were in place were to some degree to a high standard as the response team was quick to the scene to help with management. [156], Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia. [165], Generators were donated, and telephone companies established emergency communications and free calls. [79], The historic Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings were severely damaged, with the Stone Chamber completely collapsing.[14][80]. On 23 February, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Christchurch's tallest hotel, was reported to be on the verge of collapse. Official visitation teams were organised by Civil Defence and there were engineers or assessors from EQC. [210][211] Some students relocated to other centres – by 5 March, a total of 4879 Christchurch students had enrolled in other schools across New Zealand. The Australian Government also pledged A$5 million (NZ$6.7 million[175]) to the Red Cross Appeal. [256][260][262] Those that exhibit lower mental health prior to an earthquake will be more likely to experience negative life changes than positive life changes with regard to personal strength. [45], Road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression. The increased liquefaction caused significant ground movement, undermining many foundations and destroying infrastructure, damage which "may be the greatest ever recorded anywhere in a modern city". Specification: Case study of the management of an earthquake in a developed country. However, the main reason that the severity of the damage was so bad was due to the previous earthquake in 2010. [253], A KPMG survey in March 2013 suggested as much as $1.5 billion could be sucked from the rebuild in fraud. Christchurch earthquake 2011 - MEDC Case Study 1. Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. Case study from iim ahmedabad game of thrones book review essay! It was only the second time that New Zealand had declared a national civil defence emergency; the first occasion was the 195… [262] The damage on a community can lead members to engage in pro-social behaviors[262] which are driven by empathy and desire to support others who have endured a similar traumatizing experience. [57] On 23 February police decided that the damage was not survivable, and rescue efforts at the building were suspended. [235], The chief executive of Statistics New Zealand, Geoff Bascand, announced on 25 February that the national census planned for 8 March 2011 would not take place due to the disruption and displacement of people in the Canterbury region, and also the damage sustained by Statistics New Zealand's buildings in Christchurch, which was scheduled to process much of the census. 1,300 miles South East of … Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes. [205], On the day of the earthquake, the main secondary school teachers' union, the Post Primary Teachers Association, had arranged a paid union meeting to be held that afternoon for members in the Christchurch area. [227] The Crusaders played their entire home schedule away from Christchurch,. Civil Defence declared a state of emergency for Christchurch, the Selwyn District and the Waimakariri District. Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. [143][144] China sent a 10-member specialist rescue team. [140] The team left New Zealand earlier than planned due to the 9.0 earthquake which struck Japan on 11 March 2011. [20] By comparison, the 2010 quake—in which damage was predominantly to pre-1970s buildings—exerted 65% of the design loading on buildings. [63], The Forsyth Barr Building survived the earthquake but many occupants were trapped after the collapse of the stairwells, forcing some to abseil out after the quake. His advice was that the 2011 earthquake was a "new event" and that EQC's reinsurance cover was already in place after the previous 2010 event. [109], 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. There is evidence that suggests that the mental health effects of natural disasters can be debilitating and detrimental to the community affected.[256][257][258][259][260][261][262]. The crew of the Navy ship Canterbury, in Lyttelton harbour at the time of the earthquake, provided meals for 1,000 people left homeless in that town,[151] and accommodation for a small number of locals. The New Zealand Fire Service coordinated search and rescue, with support from the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) teams from New Zealand, Australia, United Kingdom, United States, Japan, Taiwan, China and Singapore, totalling 150 personnel from New Zealand and 429 from overseas. [209], 163 primary and secondary schools were affected by the earthquake, most of which were closed for three weeks; 90 had full structural clearance and were able to reopen, 24 had reports indicating further assessment and 11 were seriously damaged. Kuijer, R.G., Marshall, E.M., & Bishop, A.N. The commission was chaired by High Court judge Justice Mark Cooper with support from two other Commissioners, engineers Sir Ron Carter and Professor Richard Fenwick. [169] Community laundries were set up in affected suburbs. It is estimated that 10,600 people moved away from Christchurch, with the 1,700 people difference to the population loss explained through some people moving to Christchurch. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams. 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