5. The mood of a spotted hyena can be understood from its different postures and its tail. This species is very territorial by nature. They live in savannas, grasslands, sub-deserts, forests and mountains of Africa and Asia. 12. 2) These amazing animals inhabit savannahs, grasslands, woodlands and forest edges across sub-Saharan Africa. As cursorial hunters, hyenas run down their prey to exhaustion, cruising at speeds of 37 mph (60 kph) for several miles. Cubs are born with open eyes. They even make sounds that sound like human laughter. Each clan defends its area from intruding clans. 3. Female spotted hyenas have pseudo-penis, making it difficult to distinguish between a male spotted hyena and a female spotted hyena. Through history, hyenas have been in close contact with humans. Hyenas use various sounds, postures and signals to communicate with each other. Spotted hyenas are mostly nocturnal by nature however; they often come out of their lairs during early-morning hours. They are larger than common cats and have elongated snouts with round, pointed ears that look like dog ears. It is the largest among the three species of hyenas. Spotted hyenas can run up to 60 kilometers (37 miles) per hour. The other members of this family are the striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena), the brown hyena (Parahyaena brunnea) and the aardwolf (Proteles cristata). They generally forage alone and are … am still wondering the behaviors of Hyena, very complicated. 8. Hyenas have 32 to 34 teeth which include conical premolars that are specifically designed to crack bones. The size of an animal’s frontal cortex is believed to be connected to its social intelligence, and hyenas have a frontal cortex on par with primates. Despite their reputation of being cowardly animals, hyenas can become really aggressive and dangerous. The dog-like hyenas are nearly extinct. 16. HYENAS ARE SMARTER THAN CHIMPS. Hyenas are not members of the dog or cat families. Among hyenas, only the spotted and striped hyenas have been known to become man-eaters. Birds do it, bees do it. They have their own family, Hyaenidae, comprising four species: the spotted hyena, striped hyena, brown hyena, and the aardwolf, which isn’t a wolf but looks like one. Well, whatever the reason, here are thirty facts you probably didn’t know about the number 30. This vocalization can often be heard during a hunt. The size of an animal's frontal cortex is believed to be connected to its social intelligence, and hyenas have a frontal cortex on par with primates. Clans can have up to 80 members; Once thought to be solitary, striped hyenas actually live in small groups. 9. The Spotted Hyena can chase its prey reaching speeds of 37mph The Spotted Hyenas laugh resembles that of a human, and became popular during their appearance in Disney’s ‘The Lion King’ Although they have a close resemblance to a dog, Spotted Hyenas are actually closer in relation to cats! Non-related males and females will mate after a courtship that can last several days. This leads to fierce competition between the two animals. Hyenas evolved in Eurasia around 22 million years ago. Hyenas have been on Earth for 24 million years. Hyenas are scavenger mammals meaning that the hyena tends to eat another animals kill, rather than the hyena actually catching its own food. 13. Let us today learn 30 interesting spotted hyena facts and find out more about this interesting animal. Spotted hyenas are famed scavengers and often dine on the leftovers of other predators. They weigh from 17.6 to 30.8 lbs. Hyenas are not members of the dog or cat families. They are both hunters and scavengers (they eat carrions). Instead, they are so unique that they have a family all their own, Hyaenidae. However, they forage alone; Although often solitary in their habits, brown hyenas will form clans of up to 10 members; Aardwolves have often been mistaken for solitary animals. They hunt in smaller groups and use various techniques to attack different types of animals. In fact studies have shown that hyenas kill 66-90% of what they eat and when it comes to the actual hunt they are extremely versatile and successful hunters. For more videos about wildlife please subscribe :) Royalty free content brought from pond5.com and/or bigstockphoto.com Hyenas are featured in Disney’s animated features, such as Dumbo, Lady and the Tramp, Noah’s Ark, Bedknobs and Broomsticks, and The Lion King. Their appearance, habits and sounds are already weird, but when it comes to sex, there is no more confusing creature than the spotted hyena. Hyenas are probably one of the smallest carnivorous mammals. Keep coming back and if you need information on specific topics covered by our website, feel free to request us through the ‘New facts request page’. 11. 4. When it comes to hunting prey, spotted hyenas have the formula for success: Divide and conquer! 17. Echa un vistazo a continuación para ver 28 datos más interesantes y divertidos sobre las hienas. Hyenas mark their territory with white droppings produced in the anal gland. 27. Spotted hyenas require very little water to survive despite the fact that they eat quite a lot of dry bones. Cubs begin to eat meat from kills near the den at about 5 months, but they are suckled for as long as 12 to 18 months, an unusually long time for carnivores. The only dog-like hyena species to live today is the aardwolf. However, there were times when even humans became the food of the hyenas. Basically these postures are methods of communication. 30 Solar System Facts Everyone Should Know. Despite their low diversity, hyenas are unique and vital components of most African ecosystems. Spotted hyenas “laugh” as a form of communication to relay excitement or frustration. 19. 23. Their body built is vaguely bear-like. Females are heavier than males, and can weigh up to 82kg. Hyenas have an average lifespan of 12 years, but they can live up to 25 years. They have a bushy tail and big ears. Social rank of a hyena can be found out using the notes frequency variation. Viven en sabanas, praderas, bosques, sub-desiertos y las montañas de África y Asia. 15. However, according to scientists, this species actually may have originated in Asia and used to thrive throughout Europe for about a million years but their Asian and European habitat disappeared with the end of Late Pleistocene age of the Pleistocene Epoch. Truth: Hyenas are neither. Check out these fun facts about hyenas and what they’re really like. The common laughter sounds include loud grunt-laughs, soft grunt-laughs and giggles. Spotted hyenas, unlike other species of hyenas are gregarious animals. They are primarily nocturnal, so make sure you go to one of Southern Africa’s game lodges to experience an evening game drive to spot them.. 3. Instead, they are so unique that they have a family all their own, Hyaenidae. 2. Fact 2 These animals thrive in forests, grasslands, savannas, woodlands and high latitudes. Females are larger, more muscular and definitely more aggressive than the males. Related Post: 10 Amazing Animal Facts (Bat) 4. They have a powerful build with shoulders higher than hind legs. For instance, ancient Egyptians used to capture and domesticate them and then feed them in plenty to fatten them and eventually feast on them. One reason that many people assume hyenas are a type of dog is that they look something like dogs. 1. A hanging tail for instance says that a hyena is walking or standing leisurely. Though spotted hyenas are capable of digesting bones and skins, they fail to completely digest hooves, horns and hair of their prey. The smallest are aardwolves (Proteles cristata) with length ranges from 85 to 105 centimeters (33 to 41 inches) — and about one-fourth of that is the tail. If the tail is tucked between its legs and is flat against its belly, it usually means it is afraid and is about to flee. 12 Facts About Hyenas; Getting You There? The pitch of the laughter can tell the age of a spotted hyena. Striped hyenas almost always feed on dead animals however spotted hyenas hunt live animals. They can hear predators hunting or feeding on carcass from a distance of up to 10 kilometers! They steal each other’s food and kill off the young of their enemies. By using our website, you agree to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend. Hyenas are large carnivores, they look like large dogs. Hyenas are large, doglike carnivores. There are four distinct species of hyenas – the aardwolf, the brown hyena, the stripped hyena and the spotted hyena. We use cookies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads through our advertisement partner. Las hienas son carnívoros medianos parecidos a perros. Did you know that spotted hyenas have acute sense of hearing? How They Look. 30 Purrtastic Persian Cat Facts You Should Know. In female-dominated spotted hyena clans, adult males are the lowest of the low. (8 to 14 kg). Hyenas are very social and live in groups called clans. Cubs usually go out on scavenging expeditions with their mothers at the age of 1 year. Hyenas are, on the whole, very expressive animals – they use a variety of calls and body movements to express themselves – they are excellent at picking up on signals. We are glad to be able to help you Abby. 9. 22. are very common. 30 Interesting Spotted Hyena facts. In other words, they are social animals. This is because the females have three times as much testosterone in their bodies. Spotted hyenas can live up to 25 years in captivity and can weigh anywhere between 110 and 190 pounds. Hyenas have very powerful jaws and strong teeth. Hyenas are one of the most popular animals to see when on safari. Spotted hyenas are the largest of all hyenas that live today. In some cultures, hyenas are thought to influence people’s spirits, rob graves, and steal livestock and children. They weigh 40 to 86 kilograms (88 to 190 pounds). Clans can have up to 80 members, according to the National Wildlife Foundation. Hyenas are large, dog-like, carnivores. Required fields are marked *. For example: did you know that some insects' genitals explode during sex? In ancient Egypt hyenas were domesticated and even eaten! Fast whoops, groans, grunts, growls, yells etc. The spotted hyenas are also known for warding off lionesses and leopards away from their kills. All females rank higher than males in the clan. The mongoose and the meerkat are the hyena’s closest relatives. I think that limiting to the use of just “hyena” as term can be a little misleading, since there are multiple species of hyenas, including the aardwolf the striped hyena and then everyone’s favorite: The spotted hyena. At around 2 years, the cubs are considered mature and ready to leave their mother. If the tail is straight, it is about to attack and if the tail is carried high on its back, it is usually excited. 7. One of the most amazing hyena facts is that they are almost impossible to sex. They make a wide range of sounds to communicate with their clan members. Brown hyenas (Hyaena brunnea) are the second largest, ranging from 130 to 160 centimeters (51 to 63 inches) long and weighing 34 to 72.6 kilograms (75 to 160 pounds). [45] The striped hyena is primarily a scavenger, though it will also attack and kill any animals it can overcome, [39] and will supplement its diet with fruit. Cubs are always raised in dens. Spotted hyenas are very social and live in groups called clans. A spotted hyena can eat up to one third of its body weight at one meal. However, the brown and striped hyenas and aardwolves have male-dominated clans. A study done by Duke University showed that a captive pair of hyenas performed better at problem-solving and social cooperation than chimpanzees. i would like to know more about Hyena auto/self cannibalism. Hyena Facts - Facts About Hyenas - Please take a moment to Like, Subscribe, and Comment on this video! 10. Hyenas usually bear litters of two to four cubs, which, unlike the other two species, are born with their eyes open. Hyenas are primarily nocturnal animals, but sometimes venture from their lairs in the early-morning. © 2020 | Facts Legend | A Unit of Aká¹£a Ventures. The physical characteristics of spotted hyenas include – not so prominent mane, rounded ears, fewer nipples, spotted pelt and dual purposed dentition. Not only are spotted hyena females larger, they are also more aggressive and are dominate in their clans. They have more testosterone than the male hyenas, they have more muscles, and they are about 30% bigger than their male counterparts. Spotted hyenas have a reputation of being cowardly scavengers but interestingly enough, 95% of their meals actually come through hunting. This makes the spotted hyena the only mammalian species that lacks external vaginal opening. Spotted hyenas mark their home area with their droppings and also using a strong-smelling substance from their anal glands. 21. More facts about hyenas belonging to this specific species are discussed below. 29. There are basically two distinct types of hyenas – dog-like hyenas and bone-crushing hyenas. I love this site. [46] The dog-like hyenas are nearly extinct. The other hyenas will then pick up a weak or old animal and hunt it down and chase away the other animals. In fact, they live as monogamous pairs with their young. Here are 10 facts that you most likely never knew about this wily, intelligent creature: In Bingo, the ball 30 is known as “Dirty Gertie, Blind 30”. Spotted hyenas live in large groups known as clans. 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