However, compacted soil is never an ideal growing condition for grass. Check if seed heads are spike or panicle to help with turf grass identification. I followed directions for cultivating ground and waiting until the temp was consistently warm enough and then watered once a day at minimum (unless it rained), to keep the ground moist. Difference Between Grass and Sedge. Stress, like a cold winter or dry summer, can influence zoysia to send up more seedheads than usual. With zoysia, you want to rent a core aerator and put it on an aggressive setting. Quick-release fertilizers may result in a few weeks of sudden growth, but this only attracts pests and diseases without encouraging long-term results. If you did not spray your lawn, you can compost the dead plant material. Purchase Zoysia plugs from a reputable farm that ships plugs guaranteed to grow or replaced free (link to Zoysia Farms). They will cause large brown patches in your turf, starting at a border of the lawn and working deeper into the center. In the image below you can see the difference between matrella seeds and tenuifolia seeds (in the bag): The colour difference is particularly prominent due to the fact that tenuifolia had extra time before I picked it, while matrella is quite fresh. Reel mowers are the easiest tools to use on low-growing grasses, because they cut blades of grass, while rotary mowers can tear and pull grass and damage the crowns. As a soil becomes more dense, it is able to hold on to more nutrients, especially nitrogen. You will need approximately 1 bushel of sprigs per 100 square feet of lawn area. Spray broadleaf herbicides in the spring as seeds begin germinating, and continue to spray as weeds show up in your lawn. You can plant Meyer from seed, but vegetative planting yields faster growth and denser turf. Bury 2/3 of each sprig with a few inches of soil. This option is best for sandy or loose soils, as it can cause compaction in clay. Fertilize with 1lb of nitrogen per year, split up into 2-3 applications over the spring and summer. Seeding and initial care must be performed during the warmest times of the year, when soil moisture levels are hard to control. Pull up a tuft of grass to inspect for chinch bugs. Zoysia prefers hot, dry summers, mild winters, and slightly acidic soils. Seeds develop about two weeks after pollination and are easily picked off the spikelet. $38.05 $ 38. This species is also known for its tolerance of salty and alkaline soils. Leaf spot is difficult to identify without close inspection of an infected leaf. David married Marian Bell, the daughter o… However, if you mow every 10-14 days, you’re more likely to leave long grass clippings that don’t break down as quickly. Most pests and diseases can be controlled before they do much damage. If these control methods do not resolve your rust problem, you can spray a fungicide on the affected areas. Thriving Yard is an affiliate for companies including Amazon Associates and earn a commission on qualifying purchases. Option 4: Let the sod company sprig your lawn. Zoysia is a dense grass, and under the right conditions, it can choke out most weeds and other grasses without too much chemical intervention. Irrigate less frequently, and make sure you are only watering in the mornings, to allow the blades time to dry out during the day. The 2 Key Factors Explained. Its spikelet is slightly thicker than regular grass blades surrounding it and it’s a little lighter shade of green. Tim Bowyer, zoysia expert from Patten Seed says zoysia sends up seed in spring and fall. Begin mowing in the spring as soon as the lawn is above 2”, and continue mowing until the lawn goes dormant for the winter. per 1000 sq. Before you choose the cultivar for your lawn, research the varieties and cultivars that do well in your area. Crabgrass spreads through rhizomes, stolons, and seeds; one plant can send out over 700 runners and produce over 150,000 seeds in a single growing season. Unlike chinch bugs, grubs are more common in well-irrigated lawns. Dense, clay soil can hold on to large amounts of nitrogen due to the fact that water cannot drain freely into the subsoil. After the white flower head is gone, the rest of it blends with the the grass, making it challenging to spot it from afar. Dethatch, aerate, and topdress in the spring to build up a healthy soil that fights off infections and infestations. If brown patch is severe and corrected maintenance practices are not helping, spray a fungicide to kill off the remaining spores. Chinch bugs are attracted to drought-stressed and nutrient-deficient lawns. If the thatch layer is over ½” thick, rent a power rake at a hardware store and follow the directions to dethatch your lawn. per 1000 square feet rate for best results. Amend with specific fertilizers as needed. Grubs are the larvae of Japanese beetles, and they feed on grass roots from July-September before they morph into adults. See Best Fertilizer For A Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter. Zoysia is a slow grower so sod or plugs are most commonly used. These soils are usually a balance of different soil textures with a reasonable amount of organic matter. If brown patch is a problem each spring, you may need to spray a preventative fungicide to keep spores under control. Consider a natural lawn fertilizer if you have pets and children playing in the yard. If you live in a dry climate, you will likely need to water once per week to prevent your lawn from going dormant. per acre. Amazon has put together some great Home Holiday Guide Deals - save money and get your holiday shopping done! Step 1. Pick a seed head and compare it to this picture. In some climates, you may need to irrigate occasionally over the winter during extended dry periods. Zeon Zoysia sod is so adaptable that it thrives in the heat of the lower South and cold winters of the upper South. It will only cause competition for resources, which will result in unnecessary seedling death. Irrigate once per week in the morning, to allow leaf blades to dry out before cooler nighttime temperatures. Irrigate weekly early in the morning, and allow the turf to dry out before you water again. Zoysia is the turf of choice for salty, coastal soils or areas near salted roadways. It can grow a dense, thick carpet, but it lacks the underground runners, rhizomes, that help these grasses choke out other plants. His son David earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees at K-State. Mow in the afternoons when the blades are dry to prevent spreading the disease. $42.27. There are many other zoysia cultivars that have been developed to tolerate different growing conditions. Sprigs are 4”-6” sections of rhizomes and stolons without a root system. Zoysia can tolerate light to moderate shade, depending on other factors like temperature and humidity. Adding extra seed to an area will not help it fill in faster. Spread the sprigs across your lawn 6” apart, and press them into the soil with a roller. Lightly tamp sod into the soil and water immediately. Spread sod over your lawn, making sure to cut away holes for your irrigation system and any access covers. Average soils are crumbly without being sandy. If you have a large infestation, apply an insecticide at the rate and frequency directed by the pesticide manufacturer. The pH should be between 5.8 and 6.5. It’s dense growth habit and aggressive growth habit allow it to heal from winter kill and heavy foot traffic if it has enough sunlight and moisture. Easily picked, but not easily spotted. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can be grown in the western part of the state as well. It may also be known as Manila Grass, because it was first brought to the US from the Philippines, in the late 19th century. Lawns with adequate sunlight, irrigation, and fertilization will grow enough to be mowed weekly, which removes the spores before they can do any damage. Although zoysia is an aggressive grass that can heal from winter kill, this can slow down the turf’s ability to choke out weeds during the summer and repair high-traffic areas. Seeding a New Lawn. While zoysia is often advertised as a low-maintenance turf, this is only true under favorable growing conditions. Centipede grass stays green longer during periods of drought, so you can spray it without harming the zoysia. In addition to spreading seed, you can also plant zoysia grass plugs or sod. Zoysia is one of the grasses that are most susceptible to rust. If you topdress with compost each spring, you may not need to fertilize at all. Will Zoysia Choke Out Fescue? Its dense mat of vegetation often separates players from the soil below. Grass in shady, moist areas of the lawn grow much slower, so rust spores are able to infect blades of grass and spread to neighboring patches of grass. 2 Lbs. Spray a preventative herbicide each spring to prevent weed seeds from germinating, and pull up any surviving plants before they go to seed. Zoysia is able to handle shade better in hot, dry climates where fungus spores cannot spread easily. After aerating, you can incorporate compost directly into the soil. Sprigs will go from green to brown in the first few weeks; this is normal. Choose this grass for low-maintenance, high-traffic lawns. Watch the progress of Zenith Zoysia grass seed from the first day planted to day 51. All comments will be held for moderation, pending a review by Mckays Grass Seeds staff. With sod, the soil doesn’t dry out like it would with seed, sprigs, or plugs, so you may only need to water 2-3 times per day, depending on the time of year. Sod is the best way to get a weed-free, full-coverage new zoysia lawn. Mow zoysia weekly to remove infected blades and to encourage deep root growth. This grass grows smartly during cold spring and fall months. Diamond is one of the few turf grasses suitable for putting greens. Zoysia prefers hot summers and mild winters. To control an existing billbug population, spray an insecticide that targets the adult beetles just after sunset, when they are most active. 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